Skip to main content
Environmental Impact Assessment Guide to: Climate Change Resilience & Adaptation

Environmental Impact Assessment Climate Change Resilience

Creator: Institute of Environmental Management and Assessment (2020)
Type of methodology: Reporting framework
Approach type: CVRA (Climate Vulnerability and Risk Assessment)
Short description: Process-based methodology based on 7-steps to consider climate resilience in the EIA process. Also includes a CVRA methodology (preEIA) based on 3 steps: identifying risks; assessing/prioritising them/ formulating mitigation actions to reduce impacts.
URL to access information about the tool:
Hazards covered: Precipitations and heavy rains
Audiences: Manufacturers and suppliers
Assessment level: Infrastructure (incl. buildings)
Evaluation system:

Probability x Consequence = Magnitude 
Susceptibility x Vulnerability = Sensitivity 
Magnitude x Sensitivity = Significance 
+ Impact 
+ Adaptation


- Detailed methodology for use in practice
- Widely used (in the UK)


- UK-oriented (link to EIA) 
- Not specific to buildings

This guide provides a framework for the effective consideration of climate change resilience and adaptation in the EIA process, through a 7-step approach. Steps 2 to 5 of this approach, deal with CVRA:

  • Step 2 – Defining the future (climate) baseline
  • Step 3 – Identifying and determining sensitivity of receptors
  • Step 4 – Reviewing and determining magnitude of the effect
  • Step 5 – Determination of significance

Alternatively, the guidance informs that if done before the EIA, building climate resilience can be integrated into the project by carrying out a “ex -ante” Climate Change is Assessment. The guide includes a Climate change risk assessment methodology (Steps): 

  • Identifying potential climate change risks to a scheme or project;
  • Assessing these risks (potentially prioritising to identify the most severe); 
  • Formulating mitigation actions to reduce the impact of the identified risks.